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  A Great-Great-Grandmother of

  Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom

  was a Hodgson


Among the Queen's ancestors are the following*:


Great-Great-Great-Great Grandparents

Reverend Robert Hodgson (1739-1808) of Congleton, Cheshire = Mildred Porteus** (1743-1815).



Reverend Robert Hodgson (1773-1844) = Mary Tucker (born 1775)



Henrietta Mildred Hodgson (1805-1891) = Oswald Smith (1794-1863)



Frances Dora Smith (1832-1922) =(m.1853)=

Claude Lyon-Bowes (later Bowes-Lyon) (1824-1904), 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghome (1824-1904)



Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghome (1855-1944)

=(m.1881)= Cecilia Nina Cavendish-Bentinek (1862-1938)



Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900-2002) =(m.1923)= Duke of York, later King George VI (1895-1952)


Queen Elizabeth II, born 1926.


Her Majesty is thus a member of the Hodgson Clan.


How Likely is This?


The reader may ask how likely is it that someone from the UK has a Hodgson as a great-great-grandparent. In 1881 Hodgsons were numbered 693 per million in the UK (Source: British Surnames). There are 16 great-great-grandparents so the probability of having one or more Hodgsons as a great-great-grandparent is


1 - (1 - 0.000693)^16 = 0.0122 = 1.1%.


In other words, this formula estimates that about one in a hundred people from the UK have a Hodgson as a great-great-grandparent.


1.1% is certainly an overestimate, because Hodgsons are very unevenly distributed over the UK, and by the time that we get back back to our great-great-grandparents, most UK citizens have an ancestor from outside the UK, where Hodgsons are even more rare.


By the same formula, the likelihood of someone in the USA having a Hodgson as a great-great-grandparent is 0.059%, or about one in 1700.



*   We are grateful to Edward Hodgson of Australia for reminding us of this link.


**  Mildred Porteus and George Washington (the First President of the United States of America) were second cousins. Her father, Robert Porteus (1679-1758) migrated from Virginia to York, and afterwards to Ripon, in England. The common ancestors of Mildred Porteus and George Washington were their Virginia great-grandparents, Augustine Warner II and Mildred Reade.



The West Australian, Saturday Review, 11 June 1977,

Wikipedia accessed 17 April 2009. accessed 17 April 2009. accessed 17 April 2009.